Understanding Science – Its Application in Daily Life

Science is derived from the Latin term ‘scientia’, which means ‘knowledge.’ It is a systematic explanation of every element present in the universe. To understand the subject, you simply have to look around you. Everything you see, whether it is your computer screen, a pen, papers, your pet, the sun, or other things are all elements of science. Science covers everything from the smallest particle in an atom present in the circuits of your computer, to the complicated electrical fluctuations and chemical interactions within our bodies that enable us to read and perform other normal activities.

The Characteristics of Science

Science helps in answering questions in a simple and logical manner. It can also lead to advancements in technology, and help us improve our knowledge on enormously useful and important topics, like the environment, natural hazards, our health, and others. Science is the reason for the developments in the modern world, and scientists across the world continue to work, to unravel the mysteries of the universe. A multi-faceted and complex subject, science has fairly straightforward basic characteristics.

Science limits its focus to the natural world, avoiding supernatural explanation about any given matter. It educates us about the natural world, what it is made of, what it contains, and how it works. It is more than a collection of factual data, and science is a long road to understanding the universe. It identifies answers by carrying out tests rather than speculating results. Observations and ideas form an integral part of science. Scientific ideas are accepted because they go through rigorous testing processes, but the emergence of new perspectives and evidences make these ideas subject to revisions.

Fields and Branches of Science

Science is commonly classified under two major categories: Social sciences (study of societies and human behavior), and natural sciences (study of natural phenomena such as biological life). Other disciplines in the subject include applied and interdisciplinary sciences, such as medicine and engineering. Although these scientific disciplines have their own expertise and nomenclature, they often include other inter-related disciplines.

Formal science is another branch of the subject, which includes mathematics, logic, and statistics. Formal sciences are crucial in the formulation of laws, hypotheses, and theories related to social sciences (the manner in which humans or animals think or act), and natural sciences (the explanation about how everything works). Each discipline of science has sub-divisions that focus on particular sections of the subject.

Wonders of Science- Major Points

Our present era is truly the age of science. The wonders of science are in the peak in this era. Science has progressed by leaps and bounds. It has completely changed the man and brought tremendous revolutions in our lives. Science and technology has changed the man and his life style. It has transformed the very face of the earth. Human beings discovered great inventions and far-reaching discoveries through science. Science has blessed mankind with such instruments and have earned a name and reverence science.

Aim of Article

The wonders of science are too many to be counted, however, some of them are worth mentioning here. The entire growth and advancement of science is really a vast subject. Some of the renowned wonders, which provided direct good change in human lives will be discussed in the succeeding paragraphs.

Wonders of Science in Medical Sector

In the field of health and hygiene, science has created many wonder. Penicillin, streptomycin and other drugs have proved to be miraculous drugs. Many fatal and chronic diseases have been overcome by science. It has conquered death and diseases. These medicines has increased the life span of human beings. Plastic surgery is another important wonder of science which can transform an ugly woman into a beauty queen. X-rays can detect the defect inside the bodies of living beings.

Wonders of Science in Communication Sector

Science wonders can also see in the field of communication. Advancement of science is amazing in this field. The inventions like electric trains, aero-planes and ships are some of the well-known wonders. These tremendous inventions have converted this massive globe into a beautiful, full of all comforts / luxuries and well-connected village. We can easily visit many cities of the world in one day. Science and technology has minimized the distances and brings us closer to each other.

Science in Atomic Energy Sector

Atomic energy is another wonderful blessings of modern sciences. It satisfies the needs of human being in energy sector and doubles their efficiency for producing energy. Atomic sector is the most powerful source than other sources of energy. It can run mills, factories and great industrial and technological establishments / installations. We can use atomic explosions in leveling of mountains and digging of canals. Moreover, we can also use these explosions for raising of water from glaciers.

Science in Agriculture Sector

Science has glorified machines and machineries and increased its efficiencies. Although, revolution in mechanical sector has led us towards unemployment and environmental pollution hazards. However, it also the solution of these problems. For example, the usage of tractor, agricultural instruments, chemicals and insecticides has increased the average output in agriculture sector. By applying scientific methods in agriculture, the yields of farms have been increased.

Conclusion

On the whole, the wonders of science are countless. Science has taught us to fly like a bird in the air and swim like fish in water. It has satisfy our wants and wishes. Science has given us comforts and facilities like telephone for quick communication with each other and television for awareness. It has also facilitate us in shape of fans, computers, air-conditioned, cars and buildings. The difference between summer and winter is negligible due to wonders of science. Science can be used to eliminate poverty, increase production in the farms as well as in factories and for other constructive purpose. The wonders of science have made all these facilities possible. So, we must try our best to increase our capability in all sectors of science for a bright future and for next generations.

Science As a Media Event

One need not make any extensive surveys of different media to provide evidence for this failure. It is enough to see how sports has managed to gain more coverage in various media over the last few decades vis-a-vis science. One may argue that this is so because there are always some sports events occurring all over the world which naturally draw the attention of media. But contention here is that scientific activity, scientific community and laboratories all over the world can also be turned into what are called ‘media events’ if enough pains are taken by science communicators to achieve this status for science. First and foremost it will require the maximum cooperation of scientists.

For instance, anniversaries of scientists, institutes, organisations and societies, including the World Health Day, etc., can be celebrated; discussions and debates with the concerned scientists organised; and doors of concerned laboratories and organisations thrown open to masses and media. Be that as it may, intention through this paper is to highlight the essentials and limitations of science popularisation so that there appears a fundamental change in the way of looking at this subject. Hopefully, it will lead to more effective strategies to popularise science among the masses.

Science writing is an art

Science popularisation is mostly done by science- trained persons and professional scientists. It is therefore looked upon more as a scientific activity rather than anything else. But science writing is more of an art rather than a science. It is scientific only in the sense one should have scientific knowledge but all the writing abilities are required to make a good presentation of science. It is due to the present lack of emphasis on the art aspect of science popularisation that this field of activity has suffered to date. Those few scientists or science-trained persons who have consciously or unconsciously known the art of science writing and have practised it, have only been successful in popularising science.

Science is a human activity

The second reason why popular science does not tick with the masses is because it is not projected as a human activity but an activity of scientists who simply believe in the search for truth – and nothing but truth! The human side of science is totally neglected in all popular science presentations. The follies and prejudices of scientists, the emotional life of scientists, the irrational circumstances in which scientific work is often undertaken and discoveries and inventions made, etc., are quite often deliberately not highlighted fearing that it would give bad name to science and scientific research. In short, the human face of science or scientific research is often neglected in popular science presentations. There is therefore a strong need to give science a human face. It would not only mean adding human stories to popular science presentations but also talking about realities in scientific research.

Tip of the iceberg presentation

The third reason why popular science presentations often go wide off the mark and make the audience yawn and go for something else is the inability of science communicators to distinguish between technical report writing and popular science writing, thanks to their scientific training or background. They try to cram into a popular science presentation as much as they know or find out about a subject.

Actually, popular science presentation should be like the tip of the iceberg. It should however make one not only familiar with the tip of the iceberg but also aware of the unseen larger part of the iceberg floating under the water. In other words, it should reveal little about science but enough to make one realise the existence of that science with its entire ramification. It should excite one’s curiosity enough so that one would like to probe further into that science. It should not necessarily tell everything about a science but at the same time it should not miss science.

Some important observations

The author’s experience with popularising science over the years has forced him to arrive at some postulates. They are merely based on experience and intuition. Any research has not been conducted to back them up with facts and figures. In fact, much research is required to prove or disprove them. If in case they are proved, they can easily be called the ‘Laws of Science Popularisation’ because despite the best of our efforts we have not been able to popularise science the way we want among the masses.